Although the Bichon Frise is a fairly healthy breed, however there are certain diseases that have great impact on him, some hereditary and others defects.
Undoubtedly, the disease no. 1 bichon frize are allergies. Your skin is very sensitive, and often suffer from itching that may be seasonal or chronic. Some may reach even self-mutilation. And if bad are allergies, remedies can be worse, most of them based on corticosteroids, prolonged and indiscriminate use of which is likely to cause Cushing's syndrome.
You need to pay close attention to the gum because it can become infected, resulting in gingivitis, which can become chronic and can cause a generalized infection germs to be transported through the blood flows. Also, the gum infection can cause kidney and liver damage, and even the heart.
It is found that the Bichon Frise is a breed predisposed to the formation of urinary stones (uroliths), ie urolithiasis. These stones can be of two types; Struvite (formed from an infection) and calcium oxalate, the most common in the Bichon. To prevent the formation of stones, the dog has to have free access to plenty of fresh water and clean.
The minerals that make up these stones, magnesium ammonium phosphate, struvite and calcium oxalate, may occur alone or in combination with each other and even other mineral struvite formation being more common in females and calcium oxalate in males .
Struvite stones can be dissolved with diet and medication, while only oxalate urinary tract could disappear by surgery.
It is the most common orthopedic problem in the Bichon Frise and may even cause cruciate ligament rupture.
This disease involves the displacement of the patella, a part of the structure of the knee. The problem can be caused by trauma, although in the Bichon is more frequent because of genetics.
Generally, surgery is the only remedy to this problem.
A dog with this type of problem, we must at all costs avoid the risk of obesity.
Cataract is a disease most common genetic order in the Bichon Frise and may affect one eye (unilateral) or both (bilateral) and ultimately may even cause blindness. Cataract is a clouding of the lens which leads to loss of vision.
Surgery is the only remedy.
Another eye disease that can affect the Bichon Frise is the syndrome Sudden Acquired Retinal Degeneration (SARDS) which, as its name suggests, is the degeneration of the retina causing sudden vision loss. In this case, there is the possibility of surgery. It is an inherited disease.
The third disease is Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), which affects night vision and can eventually cause blindness. It is hereditary.
The Bichon Frise is a breed predisposed to suffer from the condition known as Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA), birth defect is that prenatal communication between the aorta and the pulmonary artery is not closed at the time of birth, with the consequent influx excessive blood to the lungs, causing the oppression of both ventricles, eventually heart failure. Can be solved by surgical intervention at an early age.
Reverse Sneeze or spasm of the Veil Palatal
Also known as pharyngeal spasm breathing paroxismática or not is really a sneeze, but quite the opposite. The physiology of the disorder resides in the temporary narrowing of the trachea caused by irritation of the soft palate, the which causes an inadequate supply of air to the lungs and sneezing subsequent reversed. Dust, pollen, stress, or pressure exerted by the chain ride the animal's throat, are factors that can cause the irritation. While suffering the dog shivering during these episodes seem alarming, actually this disorder poses no danger, unless they were very frequent. The most effective of kill them is to gently massage the throat, sealing the nostrils for a few seconds, or put fingers in the animal's mouth to force you to swallow saliva.
Other diseases that may affect the Bichon are: Cushing's syndrome (overproduction of cortisol by the body or intake of cortisone-based drugs), Diabetes, Pancreatitis, Hepatitis, Infections and Cancer Headphones.